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Unit 1 Project Planning for Construction
 



Introduction

Section 1. Information

Section 2. Resources and Work Methods

Section 3. Programmes for Operations


 
 

 

Information and Guidance is available on how you should study

 

Study Guide
 



 

Assignment for Unit 1

Before Sunmitting your assignment you MUST read 

Instructions for

Submitting Assignments


 


Additional Learning Resourses

Constructionsite

 

 












 

 
Additional Information
 
You should relate your responses to any of the tasks set in this unit to the documents listed below; these will provide information about the type and size of the project.
 











































 
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Additional Information 


 










 
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Unit aim: This unit is designed to meet the needs of Construction Site Managers, to give them knowledge of project planning.



Recognition of Prior Learning

If you have successfully completed the CIOB Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies with the Construction Learning Gateway you will be exempt a number of sections of this unit as work you produced in that qualification will count as Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).

This unit has an Introduction and is divided into 3 study sections.

Introduction

1.1 Information (Exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies obtained through the Construction Learning Gateway).
1.1.1 Information required (Exempt with Level 3)
1.1.2 Sources of information (Exempt with Level 3)

1.2 Resources and Work Methods (Partial Exemption for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies obtained through the Construction Learning Gateway).
1.2.1 Selecting the work methods
1.2.2 Determining Resource Requirements
1.2.3 Method Statements (Exempt with Level 3)
1.2.4 Producing a Method Statement (Exempt with Level 3)
1.2.5 Resource Schedules

1.3 Programmes for Operations (Partial Exemption for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies obtained through the Construction Learning Gateway).
1.3.1 Programming for building operations (Exempt with Level 3)
1.3.2 Calculating Resources
1.3.3 Briefing and Up-dating Personnel on Working Methods


Unit Recommended Reading

Cooke, B & Williams P, (2009) Construction Planning, Programming and Control, Wiley-Blackwell; Chichester.

Books can be ordered from most bookshops or online from Amazon.


Studying
 
Before starting you should read the ‘Study Guide’ accessible from the link on the left.
 


Introduction

Reasons for Planning

Before anything can be done it is essential that those who will be doing it know what they are intending to achieve and how they will go about it. The more complicated the task the greater the need for detailed planning. This will generally result in the task being split into a number of smaller tasks and resources being allocated in order to complete the task within a certain time scale. This is generally known as the Programme.

In some cases, to fall behind programme can involve financial penalties, in that the finances will be required for a greater period of time than was allowed for in the budget, resulting in increased interest costs. It will also increase the period of time prior to receiving income from the task, work or contract. If contracts have been signed specifying a handover date the client may take legal action for the recovery of monies lost through not work not being finished as it may be that the client is not to trade from that date.

A detailed programme will therefore enable the contractor to see at the earliest possible time if problems are occurring which could delay the programme. This would then enable them to instigate some measures which would reduce the delay and enable the project to catch up with the programme.

From the financial point of view, planning will enable the client/contractor to anticipate the financial commitments throughout the contract period. It will also indicate the time scale for the programme with regard to ensuring any resources are available when required and for making the necessary arrangements for their procurement.

In this unit, you will learn the way that planning is carried out for a project. We will start by looking at the information you will need to obtain in order to plan a project so click on ‘Unit 1.1 Information’. 
 
 

                  

Please Note

All information contained in this Study Unit was considered correct at the time of writing but Students must not rely on information contained in the Study Unit and/or references for any purposes other than use within this CIOB qualification aim as legislation and working practices are constantly being revised and updated. Students are advised therefore to continually up-date themselves as to current legislation and construction practice and must not to rely on information contained within the Study Unit and/or references for practical applications in the workplace. Where legislation or construction practice has been superseded to that contained in the Study Unit Students should note this within their responses to the tasks.
 



 Section 1. Information

Learning outcome: On completion, the learner will know how to obtain and apply relevant information in order to plan construction operations.


Contents

1.1.1 Information required
1.1.2 Sources of information


1.1.1 Information required

(Section 1.1.1 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

Before planning can begin for any type of contract it is necessary to obtain all relevant information in order that the programme produced ensures the work is carried out according to the client’s requirements. Therefore, it will be necessary to ensure that all information is obtained in order that the work can be planned to ensure that it is completed according to specification, and within the time and financial constraints imposed by the client and to ensure the maximum use of available resources to enable the maximum profit to be made by the contractor.

A great deal of this information is provided by the client, or their representative, which will be passed to the contractor. Such documents will include:
  • Existing programmes and plans. The work you have to plan may have to be coordinated with others; this will be particularly relevant if you are acting as a sub-contractor where you may be given a time window in order to carry out the work.
  • Drawings, specification. In order for the designers of a building to convey their requirements; a set of drawings and specifications are produced which enables the building to be constructed according to the designer’s original intentions. The planner will need to know this in order to position the building but also to determine what is required and how long each element will take; we will look at that in greater detail later in this unit.
  • Contract conditions. The contract may contain a number of conditions which you will need to know in order to ensure that the planning is done to take these into consideration: This will certainly include the completion date.
  • Statutory requirements. You will need to ensure that all statutory requirements have been met, this will include checking that any permissions have been obtained before the commencement of work, i.e. building approval and that any notices regarding the notification of Health and Safety executive have been delivered.
  • Resource availability. The resources available will need to be known as the amount of labour will determine the time that a task will take. Also the plant and machinery you have will affect the way that the work is carried out and the time it takes. The resources available will either dictate the time scale for the project, or the time scale of the project will dictate the resources that are needed in order to complete by a certain date.
  • Management instructions. You may be given specific instruction relating to work generally or to a specific contract. These can relate to any part of the work but may include reference to carrying out the work in a given situation i.e. in the event of soil contamination or in relation to dealing with waste.
  • Site conditions. Prior to the start of planning you will need to ensure that you are aware of the site conditions. This will relate to the ground conditions and the potential layout and surrounding area in order to plan the site and how the process will be carried out. When laying out the site it is essential that all aspects are considered so that the maximum use of the site is made. It also needs to restrict inconvenience so that materials do not have to be double handled or facilities relocated in order for construction to continue.


1.1.2 Sources of the Information

(Section 1.1.2 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

A great deal of information that is needed to plan will come from documents, these can be generic documents in that they apply to all contracts or they can be specific to a particular contract.


Generic Documents

These fall into two categories in that they are either external documents such as Statutory Regulation and Legislation such as Building Regulations and planning requirements to specific requirements relating to a particular area of work i.e. Health and Safety. All documents will be held by your company. Company Policies These are produced by the company to ensure that methods of work are conducted in a way that ensures conformance to the legal requirements; this can relate to a number of areas examples being:


Health & Safety

A health and safety policy sets out your general approach, objectives and the arrangements you have put in place for managing health and safety in the company. It specifies who does what, when and how.

Health and Safety Policies are concerned with the protection of employees and persons likely to come into contact with the company from hazards or dangers, which are involved with the company carrying out its business.

The Policy sets out individual responsibilities for the safe working conditions and the level of duty imposed on each employee.

You will need to be familiar with the policy and its requirements before carrying out any work on a contract.


Environmental Policy

An environmental policy is not a legal requirement; it is a written statement outlining how your company promotes measures to consider the environment. This can relate to how you carry out work and deal with such thing as waste management. Consequently, you need to be familiar with the requirements and how it will affect the way that the work is done.
 
Task

Task 1.1.1 Company Policies

Produce a list (minimum of 8) and describe other Company Policies that are required or used by a company within the construction industry.These should include both construction specific and generic policies.

You may send this Task to your personal tutor to get some feedback before attempting the Assignment.


Contract Documents

These are documents that relate specifically to a particular contract or job; they specify the requirements with regard to specification and quality and the aspects relating to time or any other aspect relevant to the contract.

In order to carry out a job you will need to ensure that you understand what is required, this can be obtained from the drawings and specification so all work will need to conform to these.

In addition, you will need to be aware of any restrictions or special conditions relating to the contract and work required.
 


Task 1.1.2 Contract Documents

Describe the contract documents and how they will affect the planning of a job.

Word Guide: 300 - 400


Site Conditions

Prior to tendering for a contract you will need to be aware of the site conditions as this will have an effect on the work involved and consequently the amount that will need to be allowed in the contract. It will also affect the work that needs to be done and the amount of time in the programme. It is essential therefore, that you have all the facts relating to the site and soil conditions.
 


Task 1.1.3 Information on site conditions

Discus the type of information you would need in order to assess a project in relation to the site conditions; and explain how site inspection findings affect the feasibility of the proposed plans for the construction project.

Word Guide: 300 - 400


Identifying and remedying incomplete, inaccurate and inapplicable information.

It is essential that you have all the information you need in order to enable you to plan the work. If you find that you do not have sufficient or any items are inaccurate or incomplete you will need to obtain this. Where this is obtained from will depend on the information needed. You should look to the original provider and request the information ensuring that you retain a record of any requests. You must obtain all information from all sources to enable you to carry out the planning.
 


Task 1.1.4 Insufficient Information

Give examples where you may have insufficient information and explain the procedure you would adopt in order to obtain it.

Word Guide: 300 - 400



 



Section 2. Resources and Work Methods

Learning outcome: On completion, the learner will know how to determine resources and methods of working for construction operations.


 Contents
 
1.2.1 Selecting the Work Methods
1.2.2 Determining Resource Requirements
1.2.3 Method Statements
1.2.4 Producing a Method Statement
1.2.5 Resource Schedules



1.2.1 Selecting the Work Methods

To carry out a task it is normally possible to do it in a number of ways using a number of different methods i.e. To dig out the trench for a drain run it can be done either by the use of man power where by it is dug out by hand or it can be done by a machine. The method chosen will depend on the size of the job, how important it is to do it in a given time frame and if there is a piece of suitable plant on site at any time prior to the trench being dug.

Such consideration will therefore have to consider the following:
  • Costs comparisons
  • Time requirements and the relationship to the critical path
  • Availability of plant and labour
  • Options available with regard to different systems of construction

From this and your understanding of the processes, which must be completed to construct a building you should be able to break down the Construction Phase into the activities and assess the ways that these are carried out. You would then need to assess the possible methods which can be done by the production of a Method Statement.



1.2.2 Determining Resource Requirements

The labour requirements will depend on not only the work to be done but also on the time scale that the work must be completed in.

The assessment of Labour, Plant and Equipment requirements for a project will have been assessed at an early stage in the tendering process, using the experience and resources of the contract team and will have been incorporated either into the estimator’s unit rate or within the preliminaries of the contract documentation.

It is from these initial decisions during the pretender stage of the contract that the Contract Programme will be developed. They also provide the basis for the formulation of Risk Assessments and Method statements.

The Site Manager must therefore, if expected to work within the cost estimates, be part of the contract tender team from initial feasibility discussions to completion of the project. He should have a close working relationship with all members of the team and access to all relevant documents.



Assess the Quantities and Qualities of Materials 

The quantities of materials required for a contract may be derived from a number of sources, some of which give accurate quantities some of which will provide an indication of quantities but should not be used for ordering purposes, the results of inaccurate taking off of materials can be serious; under ordering and over ordering of materials will cause waste and loss of cost control, not having materials available when required is poor management, how this is avoided will be looked at in a subsequent unit.

Whilst drawings and details, combined with specifications and similar contract documentation provide the best source of information (provided they are of a sufficient scale to allow meaningful ‘taking off’ of materials), it should also be remembered that drawings, details and specifications etc may be subject to revision; hence the latest revision must be consulted as should any variation orders / architects instructions which will affect to quantities or specification of materials required to complete a project.

It is important that the quality of the materials is ascertained. This will depend on the contract itself for instance a five-star hotel will require a better quality of materials than a hostel for the homeless. Quality will be looked at in greater detail in another module.


Requisition to Purchase

These may be raised by: Site – this is a common form of buying or requisition raising, however, it assumes that the site manager is:
  • Able to carry out the purchasing procedure.
  • Has adequate time.
  • Has taken part in all previous discussions within the team framework regarding the placement of orders and can comply with the company’s policies and procedures.
  • Is able to completely follow through the order
  • Has been a member of the contract tender team and fully understands the pricing of the contract.
  • Has full access to a fully priced analytical Bill of Quantities
  • Is on site or concerned with the contract soon enough to order materials needed at contract commencement.
  • Is able and in a position to keep abreast of all revisions to Architects instructions/Variation orders and drawing, details and specification etc.

All of these points may add up to a full-time job and there are sound arguments for appointing a site based planner/buyer to assist the site manager. Integrated contract teams certainly make for good communication so vital in construction.


Bills of Quantity (B of Q)

These should be used as a guide only (their purpose is for tendering purposes not material requisition) – materials should never be purchased using B of Q quantities, the actual quantities required, specification etc must always be checked as they are subject to revision and may not be accurate. They will not take into account Architect Instruction (AI)/variation orders (VO), waste etc. For taking off purposes always use the specification, preliminaries and preambles and the drawings and details.


Technical Personnel

The best people to raise orders or requisition are the professionals, material schedulers, buyers, planning engineers etc., people with technical construction expertise as well as buying experience; they are able to look at the order from the practical as well as the theoretical and legal points of view.


Client

In certain circumstances the requirements cannot be accurately foreseen so the client will allow for this through Prime Cost and Provisional Sums.

The term ‘provisional sum' is a sum provided for work or for costs which cannot be entirely foreseen, defined or detailed at the time the tendering documents are issued.

The term ‘prime cost sum' is a sum provided for work or services to be executed by a nominated sub-contractor, a statutory authority, or a public under taking or for materials or goods to be obtained from a nominated supplier. Such a sum is deemed to be exclusive of any profit required by the general contractor.

It should be appreciated that a contractor may refuse to accept any nominated sub-contractor or supplier whom he feels is not able to perform to requirements – contractors who are not happy about a nomination must state this to the architect with reasons, if overruled the architect then bears the responsibility for the nomination – few would be prepared to do this.

Remember many architect’s instructions contain the words “accept on your own behalf” i.e. you become responsible as if you had selected the supplier or sub-contractor.

It should be ensured that all nominated suppliers are subject to the same contract terms and conditions as the main contractor and sign the equivalent form of contract.
 


Task 1.2.1 Determining Material Requirements

Outline the procedures used to determine the material requirements for a contract.

Word Guide: 300 - 400



1.2.3 Method Statements

(Section 1.2.3 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

A Method Statement is a detailed schedule that considers alternative proposals and makes recommendations on how a task is to be carried out and the resources that will be needed. It considers time, costs and technique for each method of carrying out the work and the resources necessary to perform the major activities in the project.

Prior to the programme being drawn up it is essential to know the following:
  • what is to be done
  • how it is to be done
  • what is the sequence of activities
  • how long will each operation take to complete
  • what labour is required
  • what plant is required

When assessing a job, it is probable that there will be a number of options for how it can be carried out. The production of a method statement can enable each option to be assessed prior to deciding on the most appropriate method.

A method statement will enable all the resources to be assessed and consequently this can help in the costing of the project. This can be produced as a Method and Resource Statement or as separate forms.

The method statement is best produced at the earliest opportunity as it is used to guide everyone within the contracting firm regarding the method and sequence of construction.

To produce the method statement, the construction work is broken down into operations, and the labour and plant requirements are then estimated by those responsible i.e. plant by the plant manager.

The Method Statement is the basis from which the programmer works in drawing up the Contract Programme. It can also be used on-site by the site manager as it conveys how the work should proceed.

Not all companies produce a method statement as many will rely on the site manager to carry out the work using their experience, this is particularly true in housing developments.

The production of the method statement must consider the contract documents i.e. drawings, specification, Bill of Quantities. If the contract is handed over in stages the method statement will include this.

Once the method statement has been produced it should be adhered to with no deviations without official permission.

The work that is to be done by the contractor and any nominated sub-contractors should be shown on the Statement and it is normal for any sub-contractors to produce a method statement for their work package.



1.2.4 Producing a Method Statement
(Section 1.2.4 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

In order to produce a method statement the following Procedure can be used:
  • Determine what is required to be done
  • Break down the complete job into separate operations
  • Determine the ways that each of those operations can be carried out
  • Select the most appropriate method (alternatively produce a method statement for each method) Place them in the sequence that they are to occur
  • Determine what, if any, plant is required for each operation
  • Determine the operatives required to carry out each operation (Remember to include plant operator)
  • Determine if any special requirements apply.
 


Task 1.2.2 Activities List

List the activities (operations)  that will need to be carried out in order to produce a method statement and programme for the construction of a detached domestic dwelling. This will include all items from site set-up to hand-over in the order that they are to be carried out.


Having obtained the above information this can be transferred onto the Method Statement. A number of forms can be used and the one below is used as an example.


Filling in the Method Statement
  • Operation Number (Op No) - This records the sequence of the operations it also ensures that when the calculation sheet is produced all items are included and related.
  • Operation - Itemises the operations that are to be undertaken.
  • Method - Describes what is to be done and how the operation is to be carried out.
  • Plant - Any plant that is required for the operation should be listed.
  • Labour - The type of labour required is listed. If the labour requirement is known this can be inserted,
  • Notes - Any additional points can be noted here i.e. notify Building Inspector.
Method_Statement
Figure 1.2.1 Method Statement


An overview can be seen of the method statement by watching the video "Method Statements" in the column on the left.
 
 

Task 1.2.3 Method Statement

Down load the ‘Method Statement Form’ by clicking on the link below and produce a Method Statement suitable for the construction of a detached dwelling (as per the drawings for this unit accessible from the ‘Introduction’ to this unit). You should include at least 10 sequential items in your method statement.
 
Word Guide - 400 - 600



1.2.5 Resource Schedules

Having determined what resources and when they are required you will need to schedule them into the programme and ensure that you have recorded when they are to be called for. You will need to consider the amount of time needed to ensure that they are available, something that is known as Supply Lead time. This must be built into the programme and can vary according to the demand at the time. It is also essential that resources are progressed in order that they are available when they are needed on the programme, progressing must consider any variations to the programme and adjust the calling off of the resources.




Schedules

Once resources have been determined schedules will be produced listing the requirements. These can be for Materials, Plant and sub-contractors. These will be looked at in Unit 2.
 
 



Section 3. Programmes for Operations

Learning outcome: On completion the learner will know how to prepare programmes for construction operations.


Contents

1.3.1 Programming for building operations
1.3.2 Calculating Resources
1.3.3 Briefing and Up-dating Personnel on Working Methods


1.3.1 Programming
(Section 1.3.1 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

When the method statement has been produced this needs to be converted into a programme which will show what task is to be done, when it starts and finishes and its’ duration and the sequence that the work will take place. It will also highlight the critical path, this is the longest sequence of activities in a project plan which must be completed on time for the project to complete by the due date. An activity on the critical path cannot be started until the previous activity is complete; if it is delayed this will have a knock-on effect, and the entire project will be delayed unless the activities following the delayed activity is completed earlier.

The most commonly used method of programming in the construction industry is the Bar or Gantt chart. To get an introduction to the bar or Gantt chart, click on the link below in the column on the left.
 
 
 
Bar or Gantt Chart

This depicts each operation as a bar on a chart. The length of the bar shows the time that the operation is expected to take. It shows the starting time and the finishing time. As work proceeds the actual time taken can be marked under the programme time, thus showing the state of the contract. This will show whether it is on programme or how far ahead or behind time it is running. This method provides a good visual method that is easy to understand.


Figure_1.3
Figure 1.3.1 Bar Chart Format


Preparing the Bar Chart

The information obtained from the Method Statement is used to produce the programme for the job. A standard bar chart sheet is used and the details of the contract are filled in along the top of the sheet. Details of the operations are then placed in each of the columns. A bar is then drawn in the appropriate column to represent the operation to be carried out and when it is to be done. This will take into account the length of time taken for all subsequent operations if they are on the critical path, or when any preceding work has been done which will then allow that operation to be carried out i.e. drainage.

The bar is normally drawn at the top of each row, which then allows sufficient space for the actual time taken to be drawn in, enabling progress to be checked.




Figure 1.3.2 Bar Chart


A bar chart is a living document in that it can be altered if situations changes. It should be up-dated to show a true picture of what is happening within a contract. This means that the programme is subject to alterations as it is extremely unlikely that a programme will progress without any alterations.


Linked Bar Chart

A variation of the bar chart is the linked bar chart. This displays the link between an activity and the preceding ones. A linked bar chart shows what must be completed before another item of work can be started. This is shown by the use of an arrow from the end of one task to the beginning of the next. It can also show when a task must have been started before another task can be started i.e. if you are excavating a drainage trench you can start laying the drains once the trench has been started if it is a long run. However, if you are excavating for a slab foundation or a trench for the foundations of a house you can’t place the foundations until the excavation has been completed.

It is therefore possible to see which must be completed before moving on to other activities which shows the Critical Path. This is also useful in assessing the results of any delays, which may occur. Resources can be added to each activity that will show, for example, the amount of labour required. This can be called a resource aggregation or a resource histogram.





Figure 1.3.3 Linked Bar Chart
 


Task 1.3.1 Linked Bar Chart

Using all the operations in the List of Activities you produced in the previous section, produce a contract programme as a Linked bar chart.

You should then add the requirements for labour, plant and the delivery of any items to the chart.

You can draw the bar chart yourself or you can down load the Bar Chart Template by clicking on the link in the column on the left and completing that.



1.3.2 Calculating Resources

In many cases the requirements for resources will be calculated during the process of the production of the method statement, if it wasn't, the resources required will need to be calculated. The programme can then be produced to show all requirements, also the number of operatives will determine the length of time that the work will take. The way that the requirements are determined is with the use of calculation sheets an example of which can be seen in Figure 1.3.4.

In order to determine the requirements, the planner will need knowledge of:
  • the quantities required which can be obtained from the drawings, specification or from the BofQ
  • the average rate per hour to carry out the different parts of the work

The average rate is then divided into the quantities to give operatives or plant required. The duration, in hours, can be established by dividing the number of operatives into total hours.


Example:
 
Superstructure - Brickwork

50 m2 cavity brickwork - Average rate output per operative per hour = 0.5m2

Therefore: 50 m2 = 100 hours for one operative
                  0.5 m2
  • 100 hrs (8 hrs per day) = 12.5 days
  • For 4 operatives
  • 100/4 = 25 hrs
  • 8 hrs per day = 3.1 days
 


Calculation Sheet


Figure 1.3.4 Calculation Sheet


Completing the Sheet

Details are recorded under the following headings:


Operation Number (Op No) - This records the sequence of the operations which relates to the Op No on the Methods Statement.

Operation - Shows the operation that is to be carried out.

Quantities (Quants) - This will specify the amount of measured work that is to be done. It is taken from the drawings or BofQ.

Average rate per hour (Ave rate/hour) - This is taken from past records or experience and shows the average amount of work of that nature that can be done in an hour by the operative.

Total hours (Total Hrs) - This is obtained by dividing the quantities by the Ave rate/hour. Consideration must be made for associated work i.e. the excavation of the foundation trench must include the level and ram bottom of excavation.

Plant/gang size - The plant or gang size can be specified in the method statement in which case it is simply a case of extracting that information. If not, experience is used to determine this information.

Duration in Hours - This is obtained by dividing the Total hours by the information in the Plant/gang size column. I.e. if the concreting gang consists of 3 operatives and the total hours is 150 hrs then duration in hours is 50 hrs.

Duration in Days - This converts the time for each operation into days to allow ease of plotting on the contract programme.
 



Task 1.3.2 Calculation Sheets

Produce the resource calculation for one item/operation and also show it in the format of the Calculation sheet as in Figure 1.3.4




Having produced a method statement and determined the resources required in order to complete each task it can be shown on the bar chart so the resources of labour and plant can be found at the bottom of the chart under each week column.

Labour is itemised by the specific operative required.

The requirement for plant is shown as a bar for the duration of use. See Figure 1.3.5.

Every effort should be made to ensure continuity of work for labour and plant thus ensuring that when the Labourer finishes digging the foundation trench they can move on to the drainage trenches. The requirement for any plant should be, where practicable, batched together.

If the bar shows excessive time, or, if the adjustment of time for a specific operation will allow better use of resources this should be considered.


Figure 1.3.5 Showing Resources


1.3.3 Briefing and Up-dating Personnel on Working Methods

It is important that all operatives and people involved with the project are fully briefed and informed on all appropriate aspects of the work and their contribution. This will also entail keeping people up to date on the progress and any developments with regard to the work.

It is important that the work is continually assessed. This will start even before work commences as the site manager will need to ensure that any work activities can be carried out. This will mean assessing the site in relation to the work, any site restraints and the environment. If any of these are likely to create a problem, then measures need to be adopted. The tracking of work also means that any action will enable the programme and any methods of work to be up-dated.

Additional information can be recorded on the programme by the use of symbols to show when other events need to occur i.e. the delivery of materials, the requirement for information or any notifications which must be made i.e. Building Regulations or for the calling of sub-contractors. This enables an easy method of tracking work and ensures that the effect of any changes to the programme of work is recorded.
 
 
 



Unit Complete

You have now completed Unit 1, and you should complete the assignment and send it to info@gatesmacbain.co.uk.

When submitting your assignment you should ensure that it meets all the requirements set out on the Submitting Assignments page, which is accessible from the Student Area or towards the top of the column at the left of this page.

If it does not conform in all respects it will be returned to you and not sent for assessment resulting in delay. ALL questions must be answered in your own words.  Any indication of plagiarism will mean that the assignment will fail and be returned to you.

You will be notified as soon as it has been assessed, which will then enable you to continue.
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